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Zerubbabel (Hebrew: "Seed of Babylon"), was a descendant of Jeconiah who was raised in Babylon, who then flourished to be a governor of Judea[3].

Being of a royal lineage, he would be a chief leader of the Jews during the exile. However, the occupation would be sooner deserted. He was the son of Shealtiel, and grandson of the penultimate king of Judah, Jeconiah.


The Curse of Jeconiah[]

Jeconiah, upon ascending to the throne, foolishly did not depart of the ways of his own father who had been wicked throughout his days, significant for burning the scrolls of Jeremiah[4]. Thence of his and his father's iniquities, he was deported into Babylon, dethroned by Nebuchadnezzar reigning only for 3 months.

On the day of the pronouncing of the curse, the LORD likens him to a signet ring on God’s hand—a ring that God will pull off[5]. The sons of Josiah were ignorant and prideful unlikely of Inheriting their father's traits. They died in their sin, unrepentant and disobedient.

The nearing of God's wrath was adjacent, and Jeconiah was cursed of his descendants ever ascending to the throne of Israel, none of his offspring would prosper to the throne of David. A rhetorical question, of Jeconiah being a broken and despised pottery, worthless and associated with idolatry and would be associated with misery; a vessel of no pleasure and cast out to Babylon[6].

Zerubbabel, unfortunately was one of his direct descendants affecting him with a the curse of his grandfather.

Early life[]

Zerubbabel's father, Shealtiel was exiled to Babylon, Jehoiachin (Jeconiah) was a worthless tyrant, his karma eventually came at the end of his 3 month reign, he was forced to surrender at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar II, after he laid siege. He and his mother (Nehushta) along with the royal officials were deported[7].

He was born in the time of the mourning of the jews, during the Babylonian exile. Despite having no chance of ascending to the throne though the throne was already thwarted, he was still highly looked upon being a direct descendant of David.


According to the Book of 1 Chronicles, Pedaiah son of Jeconiah, rather than Shealtiel, was the father of Zerubbabel and Shimei[8]. Whether Pedaiah or Shealtiel was either the father of Zerubbabel, many authors such as Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai and Zechariah chose the latter.

In the Prophecy of Haggai and Zechariah[]


The rebuilding of the Second Temple[]

In the second year, sixth month and in the first day of the month (which is Sep. 520 B.C) of Darius, king of Persia, the Word of Yahweh through the prophet Haggai came to Zerubbabel the governor of Judah, and Joshua son of Josedech, the High Priest at the time[3]. The message of which was concerning the temple, that the time "has not come", that the transaction should be built. Out of the 18 years of the jews being released from captivity, did Haggai speak about the rebuilding of God's house; since the rebuilding of the temple lain idle for 14 years. The jews gave an excuse on why not to build the temple, there excuse was vain, for they could not find a reason to discontinue the building[9].

Thought the people said the temple was not ready for construction, they spoke otherwise in living in their nicely rebuilt houses[10]. God frustrates at how luxurious and comfortable they are in living in their paneled homes, while the temple is at ruins. God apprised them to consider their ways, "for as much they have sown, they bring in little", they eat but they have not enough, they drink but are not filled, they are clothed but it is not warm and he that earn wages, earns wages to put into a bag with holes[11]. This figurative speech is how the jews have caused upon themselves, financial difficulties through wrong priorities, same as satisfaction through it.

After the word, God initially gives them instructions on how to build the Temple, by gathering wood from the mountain, for God will take pleasure in it and it will be glorified.

God's chosen[]

Haggai, writes about Zerubbabel, when the Word of Yahweh, speaks about his "servant" Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, when he will take him, thence making him like a signet ring, for God has chosen him[12].



  1. Ezra 3:2, Ezra 3:8, Ezra 5:2, Nehemiah 12:1, Haggai 1:1, Haggai 1:12, Haggai 1:14, Haggai 2:2, Haggai 2:23, Matthew 1:12, Luke 3:27 (Link)
  2. 1 Chronicles 3:19 (Link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Haggai 1:1
  4. Jeremiah 36:27-32 (Link)
  5. Jeremiah 22:24 (Link)
  6. Jeremiah 22:28-30 (Link)
  7. 2 Kings 24:10-12 (Link)
  8. 1 Chronicles 3:19 (Link)
  9. Haggai 1:2 (Link)
  10. Haggai 1:3-4 (Link)
  11. Haggai 1:5-6 (Link)
  12. Haggai 2:23 (Link)