Bible Wiki
Map of Ancient Roman Samaria

Map of Ancient Roman Samaria

Geographical Context of Samaria[]

Location and Features[]

  • Samaria was both a region and a city in ancient Israel, with the city serving as the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel.
  • Geographically, Samaria was situated between Galilee to the north and Judea to the south, in what is now the northern West Bank​​.

Historical Geography[]

  • During the biblical era, Samaria was part of the central area of the northern kingdom of Israel. The region's hilly terrain matched the ups and downs of its history​​.
  • In the New Testament, Samaria continued to be an important geographical location between Judea and Galilee.

Historical and Biblical Significance[]

Establishment and Role as a Capital[]

  • King Omri of the northern kingdom of Israel founded the city of Samaria, purchasing a hill in the Valley of Shechem and establishing it as his capital city​​.
  • Under Omri's son, King Ahab, a temple to Baal was erected in the city, marking a significant religious development in the region.

Biblical Narratives and Events[]

  • Samaria features prominently in several key biblical events, including:
    • The story of the Good Samaritan in Luke 10:25-37, where Jesus uses the parable to redefine the concept of a neighbor​​.
    • The encounter between Jesus and the Samaritan woman at the well in John 4, illustrates the cultural and religious tensions between Jews and Samaritans​​.

Religious and Cultural Tensions[]

  • Samaritans, seen as a mix of Israelites and pagan foreigners, created a religion that Jews considered heretical.
  • The Samaritans established a temple on Mount Gerizim, claiming it as the true place of worship and rejecting the legitimacy of the Jerusalem temple and Levitical priesthood​​.
  • These religious and cultural differences led to significant animosity between Jews and Samaritans during Jesus' time.

Samaria in the Context of Early Christianity[]

The Samaritans and the Early Church[]

  • The apostles recognized Samaritans as equals to Jews within the Church, as seen in Acts 8:14-17, where Peter and John conducted a mission to confirm Samaritans who had been baptized​​.
  • Samaria was included in Jesus' Great Commission, emphasizing the importance of proclaiming the gospel in this region (Acts 1:8)​​.

Modern-Day Samaria[]

Current Location and Demographics[]

  • Today, Samaria is located in the northern West Bank.
  • A small community of Samaritans still resides in Israel, continuing their religious practices centered on the Pentateuch and Mount Gerizim​​.


Samaria's role in the Bible encompasses both geographical and theological dimensions, being central to the narrative of the northern kingdom of Israel and significant in the New Testament. Its history reflects the complex interplay of cultural, religious, and political dynamics in biblical times. The region's enduring presence in modern times as a location of historical and religious significance adds depth to our understanding of biblical narratives and their lasting impact.