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Manasseh (/məˈnæsə/; Hebrew: מְנַשֶּׁה‎ Mənaššé, "Forgetter") was the fourteenth king of Judah being the son of the previous king, Hezekiah.

Biography[]

Early Life[]

Manasseh was born in 709 B.C (likely in Jerusalem) to Hezekiah[2]. He was the royal apparent of Hezekiah and was raised in the palace. He was an extentment of God's gift to Hezekiah for 15 more years of living due to God's mercy and compassion[3].

Manasseh likely had a bad influence which caused him to become evil in God's sight; his father tought everyone of the law. Manasseh became king at 12 years old which means after 3 years of his father's 15 years of granted life he was born. Hezekiah named his son as "forgetter" which likely refers to the Israelites negligence to God's law. Using the name of the patriarchs back in their time wasn't common.

King of Judah[]

Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and his mother's name was Hephzibah[4]. He reigned for fifty-five years[5]. He did evil and worshipped other gods whom God drove out of Israel unlike his father[6]; he rebuilt the high places which his father destroyed and set up Baal and Asherah shrines[7]. He even defiled God's Temple by setting up idols there and passed his son through the fire and practiced witchcraft[8]. He put an idol of Asherah he had made in the temple, about which the Lord had said to David to his son Solomon, “This temple in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will be my permanent home[9]. I will not make Israel again leave the land I gave to their ancestors, provided that they carefully obey all I commanded them, the whole law my servant Moses ordered them to obey.” But they did not obey, and Manasseh misled them so that they sinned more than the nations whom the Lord had destroyed from before the Israelites[10].

So God told his word through his prophets and servants concerning Manasseh's worship to horrible and horrid idols[11]. So this is what the Lord God of Israel has said, ‘I am about to bring disaster on Jerusalem and Judah. The news will reverberate in the ears of those who hear about it. I will destroy Jerusalem the same way I did Samaria and the dynasty of Ahab. I will wipe Jerusalem clean, just as one wipes a plate on both sides. I will abandon this last remaining tribe among my people and hand them over to their enemies; they will be plundered and robbed by all their enemies, because they have done evil in my sight and have angered me from the time their ancestors left Egypt up to this very day![12]’”

Manasseh also killed many innocent people of Jerusalem end to end[13]. Likely prophets, infants and more; Jeremiah even writes about his murders, so God will bring judgment of horrors on Earth[14].

Repentance[]

Since Manasseh ignored God, the Lord brought against them the commanders of the army of the king of Assyria. They seized Manasseh, put hooks in his nose, bound him with bronze chains, and carried him away to Babylon[15]. In his pain, Manasseh humbled and repented himself before God, the Lord favourably answered his prayer of mercy. So the Lord restored him back to Jerusalem and that is where Manasseh realised that the God of Israel is the true god[16].

After this Manasseh built up the outer wall of the City of David on the west side of the Gihon in the valley to the entrance of the Fish Gate and all around the terrace; he made it much higher. He placed army officers in all the fortified cities in Judah[17]. He removed the foreign gods and images from the Lord’s temple and all the altars he had built on the hill of the Lord’s temple and in Jerusalem; he threw them outside the city. He erected the altar of the Lord and offered on it peace offerings and thank offerings. He told the people of Judah to serve the Lord God of Israel. However, the people continued to offer sacrifices at the high places, but only to the Lord their God[18].

Death[]

He died and was buried in his palace garden, in the Garden of Uzza. And his son Amon succeeded him after 55 years of reigning[19].

References[]

  1. 2 Kings 21:19 (Link)
  2. 2 Kings 20:21 (Link)
  3. 2 Kings 20:6 (Link)
  4. 2 Kings 21:1 (Link)
  5. 2 Chronicles 33:1 (Link)
  6. 2 Kings 21:2 (Link)
  7. 2 Kings 21:3 (Link)
  8. 2 Kings 21:4-6 (Link)
  9. 2 Kings 21:7 (Link)
  10. 2 Kings 21:8-9 (Link)
  11. 2 Kings 21:10 (Link)
  12. 2 Kings 21:11-15 (Link)
  13. 2 Kings 21:16 (Link)
  14. Jeremiah 15:4 (Link)
  15. 2 Chronicles 33:10-11 (Link)
  16. 2 Chronicles 33:12 (Link)
  17. 2 Chronicles 33:13 (Link)
  18. 2 Chronicles 33:14-17 (Link)
  19. 2 Kings 21:18 (Link)
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