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Joiakim was a high Priest of Israel according to the accounts of Nehemiah, 1 Esdras, Judith, and other extra-biblical sources. He is a widely unknown figure in the Hebrew Bible as being only mentioned in the book of Nehemiah. His priesthood is disputed as Nehemiah 12 does not use the term "high priest" for him.

Biography[]

In the Hebrew Bible[]

Joiakim was born a Levite, being the son of Joshua the High Priest who dedicated in rebuilding the second temple, and the father of Eliashib. Nehemiah 12 is the only mention of Joiakim in the Bible. Later on, the context says "in the days of Jehoiakim (Joiakim)" can be used to denote a certain time period.[1] Verse 26 says "in the days of Jehoiakim" is equal to time period of Ezra and Nehemiah.

Extra-biblical sources[]

Joiakim is also mentioned in the books of 1 Esdras, Judith and the book of Susanna who references him as the husband of Susanna.

1 Esdras[]

I Esdras 3:9; 5:5 gives an account on the genealogy of Joiakim, it first states that Joiakim was the son of Zerubbabel. But no mention in the Hebrew Bible does it state that Joiakim was ever a son of Zerubbabel. This problem also occurs at Matthew 1 and Luke 3 which gives Abihud and Rhesa as other sons of Zerubbabel. It is clear that 1 Chronicles 3:19 is absent in referencing Joiakim as a son.[2]

Judith[]

Judith 4:6-7; 4:8; 4:14; 15:8 also gives an account for Joiakim. Unlike Nehemiah 12, the author of the book of Judith states the Joiakim was a high priest, which refutes the dispute of Joiakim ever being a high priest. It is unclear whether this Joiakim is the same person in Nehemiah 12.

Susanna[]

The book of Susanna states that Joiakim was the husband of Susanna, who was referred to as a very rich man living in Babylon, and the most respected jews at the time.

Verses[]

[1]

  1. Nehemiah 12:12 (Link)
  2. 1 Chronicles 3 (Section of the Genealogy of the Exile) (Link)
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