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Jehoash or Joash (Hebrew: יְהוֹאָשׁ, Yəhōʾāš, "Yah-given"; Greek: Ιωας; Latin: Ioas) was the sixth king of Judah being the son of the previous king, Ahaziah.

Plot Against the Descendants of David[]

During the ursuping of queen Athaliah, his grandmother, she plotted to destory the seed of David by killing all the remaining seeds[2]. Jehosheba, who was the paternal aunt of Joash saved him from the rampage of the current queen from the king's slained sons[3]. He was hid in the Temple of the Lord by Jehoiada and the guards and he was raised their for 6 years during the reign of Athaliah; he was thence revealed after Jehoiada fetched captains over and made an oath to show Joash to the queen[4]. He commanded them that 1/3 of the army on the Sabbath at the gate behind the royal guard, and shall take turns; the rest of the army who are off-duty should guard the son that is to become king. They should kill those who go near them and should follow the king everywhere[5].

Coronation[]

The process when smoothly, and Jehoiada led out the king’s son and placed on him the crown and the royal insignia and poured oil on his head. Then they shouted "Long live the king". Joash was just 7 years old at the time[6].

Athaliah heard the shout and saw the king on the pillar with royal robes. She screamed treason and was shortly executed by the royal guards[7]; therefore ending her 6 year-tyrant reign.

King of Judah[]

Reign as King[]

Jehoash reigned in the 7th year of Jehu's son Jehoash of Israel and did what was right in God's sight and his mother's name was Zibiah[8]; (likely because of the influence his godly adoptive parents were in the temple and was taught the law).

Jehoash was approved of the LORD during all his days when Jehoiada taught him, though the high places were not removed[9]. Being a child, the rulership was likely carried on Jehoiada's responsibilty.

Temple Repairs[]

Joash commanded the priests specifically to place the silver that has been brought in the Lord's House into their disposal along with the silver from the census tax, donated, and vowed to use only to repair any damages found at the Temple[10].

On Joash's 23rd year, the priests still have not done their duty; Jehoash later asked concerning it, whom the priest agreed to do and relieved themselves from the responsibilities for the temple repairs[11]. Jehoiada the priest took a chest and drilled a hole in its lid. He placed it on the right side of the altar near the entrance of the Lord’s temple. The priests who guarded the entrance would put into it all the silver brought to the Lord’s temple. The high priest then counted the silver and used it to repair the temple[12].

Hazael's Siege[]

Hazael king of Syria attacked Gath and then Jerusalem, King Jehoash of Judah collected all the sacred items that his ancestors Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, kings of Judah, had consecrated, as well as his own sacred items and all the gold that could be found in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and the royal palace. He sent it all to King Hazael of Syria, who then withdrew from Jerusalem[13].

Zechariah's Martyrdom[]

Zechariah son of Jehoiada, Joash's cousin rose up as a prophet and spoke against the evil ways of the children of Judah after the death of Jehoiada. But they did not listen and stoned him[14] and continued worshipping Asherim and other idols.

From Righteous to Wicked[]

Thus Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son. And when he died, he said: 'The LORD look upon it, and require it. And it came to pass, when the year was come about, that the army of the Arameans came up against him; and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, and destroyed all the princes of the people from among the people, and sent all the spoil of them unto the king of Damascus. For the army of the Arameans came with a small company of men; and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD, the God of their fathers. So they executed judgment upon Joash[15].

Assasination[]

His servants conspired agaisnt him and killed him in Beth Millo (Jozabad son of Shimeath and Jehozabad son of Shomer were the servants). He was later buried not in the sepulchre of his ancestors, only in the City of David[16]. Amaziah succeeded him.

Verses[]

  1. 1 Chronicles 1:2 (Link)
  2. 2 Kings 11:1 (Link)
  3. 2 Kings 11:2 (Link)
  4. 2 Kings 11:3 (Link)
  5. 2 Kings 11:4-8 (Link)
  6. 2 Kings 11:9-12 (Link)
  7. 2 Kings 11:13-16 (Link)
  8. 2 Kings 12:1 (Link)
  9. 2 Kings 12:2-3 (Link)
  10. 2 Kings 12:4-5 (Link)
  11. 2 Kings 12:6-8 (Link)
  12. 2 Kings 12:9-14 (Link)
  13. 2 Kings 12:17-18 (Link)
  14. 2 Chronicles 24:20-21 (Link)
  15. 2 Chronicles 24:21-25 (Link)
  16. 2 Kings 12:19-20 (Link)
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