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Jehoash or Joash (Hebrew: יְהוֹאָשׁ‎ Yəhō’āš or יוֹאָשׁ‎ Yō’āš) was the 12th king of Israel and the son and successor of king Jehoahaz the son of Jehu.

He succeeded as king at the 37th year of Joash of the southern kingdom[1], whom Amaziah, Joash's son succeeded.[2]

Biography[]

Birth and Ascension[]

He was born in the dynasty of Jehu, his grandfather, into the custody of Jehoahaz his father.

He ascended to the throne when his father died, his age of ascension is unknown, but he was coronated at the thirty-seventh year of Joash.

He did evil in the sight of the Lord. He did not turn aside from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin, but he walked in them.[3]

Death of Elisha[]

When Elisha became sick and was determined to die from his illness, Joash came down and went before him, weeping, and said, “My father, my father, the chariot of Israel and its horsemen.” Elisha responds and says, “Take a bow and arrows.” So he took a bow and arrows"; so he did if therefore and Elisha said, “Draw the bow.” And he did and Elisha put his hands on his hands and spoke, “Take the arrows.” And he took them and Elisha replied “Strike the ground.” And he struck the ground 3 times and stood there.

Then he angrily said "you should have struck it five or six times. Then you would have stricken Aram until you had finished them. Now you will strike Aram just three times.”[4]

And Elisha dies and he was buried. Now Moabite raiders would enter the land in the spring. As they were burying a man, they saw raiders. So they threw the man into the tomb of Elisha. When the man touched the bones of Elisha, he came to life and stood on his feet.[5] This shows a similar conduct as Elijah's rapture.

Joash recaptures the cities from Aram[]

At the reign of his father, Hazael king of Aram oppressed the Israelites. But the LORD as gracious to them and had compassion on them. He turned toward them because of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not yet destroy them or cast them from His presence.[6]

So Hazael was dead, and his son precedingly ascends to the throne. Seeing the chance of victory over recapturing the enslaved lands, he successfully took back the cities from Ben Hadad the son of Hazael whom he succeeded. And he struck him 3 times, corresponding to the angry speech of Elisha at discontent.[7]

War with Judah and Capturing Amaziah[]

Amaziah sent messengers to him, saying, "Come, let us look one another in the face." He plainly replied saying, “The thorn bush in Lebanon sent to the cedar in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son for a wife.’ But a wild animal passed through in Lebanon and trampled the thorn bush. You have indeed struck Edom, and your heart has lifted you up. Enjoy respect and sit at home. Why stir up trouble and fall, you and Judah with you?”.[8] But Amaziah refuse his word and he and him met face to face in Beth-Shemesh in Judah.[9]

And then Judah was strangled by Israel, and he captured Amaziah, son of Jehoash son of Ahaziah in Beth-Shemesh, then he came to Jerusalem and breached the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate, four hundred cubits.[10]

He stole gold and silver, all the vessels found in the house of the LORD, and in the king's treasuries, with the wealth of the hostages, and returned to Samaria.[11]

Succession[]

When he died, his son Jeroboam II succeeded him.[12]

Verses[]

[1]

  1. 2 Kings 13:10 (Link)
  2. 2 Kings 14:1 (Link)
  3. 2 Kings 13:11 (Link)
  4. 2 Kings 13:14-19 (Link)
  5. 2 Kings 13:20-21 (Link)
  6. 2 Kings 13:22-23 (Link)
  7. 2 Kings 13:19,24-25 (Link)
  8. 2 Kings 14:8-10 (Link)
  9. 2 Kings 14:11 (Link)
  10. 2 Kings 14:13-14 (Link)
  11. 2 Kings 14:15 (Link)
  12. 2 Kings 13:13; 14:16 (Link)
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