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Hadadezer, the the son of Rehob, was the king of Zobah, a Syrian kingdom north of the city of Damascus. He was a powerful king who exercised influence over other Syrian kingdoms. He was often at war with Tou, king of Hamath, another nearby kingdom.[1] He fought military battles several times against King David. Eventually, Hadadezer gathered together a coalition of Syrian kingdoms to form a large army to face Israel. Meeting David at Helam, he was badly defeated, losing 20,000 men, 7,000 horsemen, and 1,000 chariots.[2] Shobach, the commander of Hadadezer's army, was also killed.[3] David took the golden shields used by Hadadezer's servants and brought them to Jerusalem.[4] David also took a large amount of bronze from Tibhath and Cun, two of Hadadezer's cities.[5] Hadadezer's defeat meant that Zobah lost its power over the neighbouring states, and instead became subject to Israel.

The name Hadadezer means "Hadad is help."


  1. 1 Chron. 18:9 (Link)
  2. 1 Chron. 18:4 (Link)
  3. 2 Sam. 10:18 (Link)
  4. 2 Samuel 8:3-12 (Link)
  5. 1 Chron. 18:8 (Link)