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The Genealogy of Jesus is a lineage the consists of two separate accounts of the New Testament, one of which is the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke. It's importance may not be viewed as of significance, but it gives a trace of the genealogy that start's in The Creation of mankind, linking to Adam and Eve, Abraham, David and all the way through the promised Messiah which is Jesus.

The accounts of Matthew and Luke's genealogy is distinct from each other, Matthew focuses on God's promise of descendants for Abraham[1] and a pattern of 14 generations each time period, while Luke's version is somewhat convoluted and goes back from Adam and the creation of man which consists of a total 77 generations.

Genealogy given by Matthew[]

Matt. 1:1-17 begins with the Gospel by introducing Jesus as a direct descendant of Abraham and David, two major figures of Judaism. It is "A record of the origin of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham..."[2]. It consists of 14 generations from major time periods of the History of Israel.

Matthew links him to some of the most greatest and historical men of the Old Testament, which fulfills the prophecy, that he shall set an everlasting kingdom. He willingly presents Jesus as the kingly Messiah promised from David's royal line[3].

Matthew's first two words, 'biblos genseos' translated as 'record of the genealogy'; 'record of the origins,' or 'record of the history', applied in the whole book of Matthew, Matt. 1:1-17 and Matt. 1:18-2:23. Below is a tabular list representing Matthew's genealogy[4]:

  1. Abraham
  2. Isaac
  3. Jacob
  4. Judah and Tamar
  5. Perez
  6. Hezron
  7. Ram
  8. Amminadab
  9. Nahshon
  10. Salmon and Rahab
  11. Boaz and Ruth
  12. Obed
  13. Jesse
  14. David and Bathsheba
  15. Solomon
  16. Rehoboam
  17. Abijah
  18. Asa
  19. Jehoshaphat
  20. Jehoram
  21. Uzziah
  22. Jotham
  23. Ahaz
  24. Hezekiah
  25. Manasseh
  26. Amon
  27. Josiah
  28. Jeconiah
  29. Shealtiel
  30. Zerubbabel
  31. Abiud
  32. Eliakim
  33. Azor
  34. Zadok
  35. Achim
  36. Eliud
  37. Eleazar
  38. Matthan
  39. Jacob
  40. Joseph
  41. Jesus


Matthew's genealogy is considerably more complex than Luke's. Given the fact that it is organized into three set's of fourteen, each of a distinct figure:

  • The first is rich in annotations, which includes four motherly figures, the brethren of Judah and of Perez.
  • The second spans the Davidic royal line, but omits several generations, like Ahaziah, Joash , Amaziah and Jehoiakim. It ends when Jeconiah and his brothers are exiled to Babylon.
  • The last, shortened by one generation, connects Zerubbabel to Joseph through a series of Messiah-alluded names which are unknown individuals, few for a long period but significant of its distinctness and Jesus' linking.

The rendering of Greek into Hebrew names accord with the Septuagint except for a few peculiarities, like Asaph which identifies as King Asa with the psalmist likewise with 'Amos' which is clear that it refers to king Amon but suggest Amos, the prophet.

Genealogy given by Luke[]

Verses[]

  1. Gen. 12:1-3 (Link)
  2. Matt. 1:1 (Link)
  3. 2 Sam. 7:12-16 (Link)
  4. Matt. 1:1-17 (Link)
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