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Eliashib (meaning "The God of Conversion") was a high Priest of Israel according to Nehemiah 12:10,22 and 3:1, 20-21,13:28. He could be the same Eliashib mentioned in the book of Ezra as the father of the high priest Johanan.


Narrative in Nehemiah[]

Eliashib was born a Levite, as the son of Joiakim and the father of Joiada.[1] His home was between the area of two working groups in the process of constructing the destroyed walls of Jerusalem on the southern part.[2] He and his fellow priest went to work on the Sheep Gate whom they dedicated by setting its doors in place, building as far as the Tower of the Hundred, which they dedicated, and as far as the Tower of Hananel.[3]


Eliashib likely was a contemporary of Nehemiah (c. 440s B.C). According to Josephus, Eliashib was a contemporary of Ezra at the time of Xerxes. Josephus also places him at the time of Artaxerxes. Josephus also quotes that

When Eliashib the high priest was dead, his son Judas succeeded in the high priest.

The quote contradicts Joiada as being the priest after Eliashib's death.

Associations with Sanballat[]

One of the sons of Joiada the son of Eliashib was married to a relative of Sanballat the Horonite.[4] When Nehemiah was gone, Eliashib had allowed the storerooms of the Second Temple to Tobiah the Ammonite, one of the friends of Sanballat. And when Nehemiah returned he removed Tobiah's furniture out of the temple and cast out Eliashib's grandson.




  1. [2] Nehemiah 12:10 (Link)
  2. [3] Nehemiah 3:20-21 (Link)
  3. [4] Nehemiah 3:21-23 (Link)
  4. [5] Nehemiah 13:28 (Link)
  5. [6] Nehemiah 13:4-9 (Link)