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Eleazar was Aaron's third son through his wife Elisheba.[1] Eleazar became a priest along with his father and three brothers.

He later succeeded his father as high priest after his death at Mount Hor.[2]


Early life[]

Eleazar was born unto Aaron and Elisheba, presumably in Egypt.[1] Having been born in soon after his uncle, Moses.


He married the daughter of Putiel, who bore him a son named Phinehas, he soon became priest along with his father and brothers in the appointing of Aaron. He was also in charge of the sanctuary after the death of his brothers.[3]

Disobeying the Priestly Law[]

After his two older brothers, Nadab and Abihu, were killed for making an unholy offering to God, Moses then got angry with him and his brother Ithamar, for they did not eat the sin offering in the sacred area which was commanded to the priests in charge of the house of the Lord.[4]

Death of Aaron and Eleazar succeeding him as High Priest[]

When Aaron died at Mount Hor, Moses gave him his father's garments, and he with Moses departed from the mount.[2]

Priesthood at Moses and Joshua's account[]

Before Moses died, the Lord instructed Moses to appoint Joshua as his successor, and to "stand before Eleazar the priest and all the congregation".[5] Eleazar served as the the high priest through the rest of Moses' life and throughout Joshua's leadership in taking over Canaan.

He helped in the allotment of Canaan among the twelve tribes of Israel.[6]


Eleazar was buried at Gibeah, a town belonging to Phinehas in the hill country of Ephraim. Phinehas succeeded him as high priest.[7]

The house of Eleazar[]

Eleazar's descendants took over the priesthood throughout the timeline of the judges, to the Kingdom of Israel.

Priestly Houses descended from Eleazar[]

In King David's day, 16 of the 24 priestly houses were descended from Eleazar, including the family of the high priest Zadok.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Exodus 6:23
  2. 2.0 2.1 Numbers 20:26,28
  3. Numbers 3:32 (Link)
  4. Leviticus 10:16-18 (Link)
  5. Numbers 27:19 (Link)
  6. Joshua 14:1-2 (Link)
  7. Joshua 24:35 (Link)