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Abishua, son of Phinehas, was a Levite and a descendant of the High Priest, Aaron.

Being of a priestly descent, we can assume that he served the Lord in his holy Tabernacle which is distributed as an inheritance to the Levites[1]. His father, Phinehas[2] was priest at the time of the judges[3]. The son of Eleazar.

Biography[]

Early life[]

Abishua was born seemingly after the Exodus at the time of his grandfather of father's duty. His father was a passionate man, willing to do anything for the sake of Yahweh, even at the cost of someone's life[4]. As a descendant of the infamous founder of the priesthood, Aaron, he would've performed duties of the tabernacle, offering sacrifices[5], overseeing the worship, and refraining from any contact of corpses[6].

He would've been born at the time of the judges, observing the corruptness of the nation of Israel and how they have astrayed from the faith. He likely grew up at the time of the judgment of Othniel, a mighty man of valour. He learned then the ways of serving at the Tabernacle from the other priests at the time and from his father. Although he was not mentioned in any sources in his lifetime, he was definitely a historical priest of his longevity.

Service as Priest[]

Likewise, there is no authentication of he being a Priest nor High Priest. As he aged, he bore a son named Bukki[7] from an unnamed wife.

Levites were separated to serve in each towns of each tribes, Abishua, may have either served in the holy Tabernacle or in one of the towns. He is an contemporary of Micah's priests and Jonathan, son of Gershom. The influence of worshipping foreign gods were like a cultural tradition[8] at the time, he may have defended the faith of worshipping God, as his father was pious.

He was an fully grown man around (~13-1280's B.C), at the time of his father's service. Phinehas, may have died in the time of the judges, when the Israelites warred against Benjamin due to his act of abomination, similar to the act of Sodom and Gomorrah. Being High Priest, his role of overseeing the responsibilities of all the subordinate priests[9] was accomplished. He wore the priestly outfit with the Urim and Thummim (engraved stones for validity of determining). The people would come to him to know the will of God[10] and to sacrifice offerings unto him. He would have to offer sin offerings for the whole congregation, and for himself[11]. He conducted the service of the Day of Atonement, that point only he was allowed to enter the Holy Place behind the veil before the holy God, with safety precautions. Making sacrifice for him and the Israelites, he then should've brought the blood into the Holy of holies and sprinkled the offering onto the mercy seat.[12] For atonement of their sins they have committed at the end of the year.[13]

Death[]

He himself would face the judgement of death as high priest, and the responsibilities would succeed his son Bukki.

Verses[]

[1]

  1. Deutoronomy 18:1-2 (Link)
  2. 1 Chronicles 6:4 (Link)
  3. Judges 20:28 (Link)
  4. Numbers 25:7-8 (Link)
  5. Leviticus 6-7 (Link)
  6. Leviticus 21:1-17 (Link)
  7. 1 Chronicles 6:5 (Link)
  8. Judges 1-21 (Link)
  9. 2 Chronicles 19:11 (Link)
  10. Numbers 27:21 (Link)
  11. Leviticus 4:3-21 (Link)
  12. Leviticus 16:14-15 (Link)
  13. Exodus 30:10 (Link)
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