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Abidan was a Benjamite being the son of Gideoni and a "prince" of the children of Benjamin[1]. He was chosen to represent his tribe at the census in the wilderness of Sinai[2]. When, on the erection, anointing and sanctification of the Tabernacle, he sacrificed on the ninth day[3].


The noun אב ('ab) means father, but describes primarily a social relationship rather than a biological one. That social fatherhood was the defining quality of the community's alpha male, the one around whom all economy revolved and from whom emanated all instructions by which the 'sons' (בן, ben) operated. It's unclear where this word אב ('ab) comes from but the verb abu means to decide.


  1. Num. 2:22; 10:24 (Link)
  2. Num. 1:11 (Link)
  3. Num. 7:60,65 (Link)