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Abidah or Abida (Hebrew: אֲבִידָע ʾĂḇīḏāʿ) was the son of Midian the son of Abraham through Keturah[1]. His existence was reckoned in the scrolls of First Book of Chronicles[2]. And was very likely appointed as a chieftain by his father in their own nation.


The noun אב ('ab) means father, but describes primarily a social relationship rather than a biological one. That social fatherhood was the defining quality of the community's alpha male, the one around whom all economy revolved and from whom emanated all instructions by which the 'sons' (בן, ben) operated. It's unclear where this word אב ('ab) comes from but the verb abu means to decide.

The verb ידע (yada') means both to know and to have intimate relations (Genesis 4:1, Judges 11:39). Knowledge equals familiarity with truth, which in turn is the only thing all people can agree on, which in turn promotes the search for agreement and modes of expression (rather than mere data). The Bible holds all knowledge in the highest regard. God, after all, is both a God of knowledge (Jeremiah 3:15) and love (1 John 4:7).


  1. Genesis 25:4 (Link)
  2. 1 Chronicles 1:33 (Link)