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Abib was the first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, and the seventh of the civil year. It was then renamed Nisan after the captivity[1].

Terminology and Celebration[]

The first month of the Israelite year, called Nisan in the Hebrew Bible[2][3]. Abib is not properly a name of a month, but part of a descriptive phrase, "the month of young ears of grain." This may indicate a Israelite way on determining a new year[4]. The year beginning with the new moon nearest or next preceding this stage of the growth of the barley. The year thus indicated was practically the same with the old Babylonian year, and presumably came in with Abraham. The Pentateuchal laws do not introduce it, though they define it, perhaps to distinguish it from the Egyptian wandering year.


  1. Nehemiah 2:1 (Link)
  2. Esther 3:7 (Link)
  3. Exodus 13:4; 23:15; 34:18 (Link)
  4. Exodus 12:2 (Link)