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Abel-beth-maacah (meadow of the house of oppression), was a place of notability mentioned in 2 Samuel and the place that was captured by Assyria and Aram in 1 Kings, 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles.

The Wise Women of Abel[]

The Wise Women of Abel is a unnamed figure who is significant for her wisdom. When Joab pursues the rebel Sheba to the city of Abel-beth-maacah, the woman, who lives in Abel, institutes a parley with Joab, who promises to leave the city if Sheba is handed over to him. The woman speaks to the people of the city, and they behead Sheba, throwing his head over the wall, at which Joab departs[1].

Captured by Assyria and Syria[]

Ben Hadad and Asa's Agreement[]

Asa and Baasha, king of Israel had warred simultaneously, King Baasha of Israel invaded Judah and fortified Ramah in order to prevent anyone from entering or leaving King Asa’s territory in Judah[2].

Asa responded by removing all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the Temple of the Lord and the royal palace. He sent it with some of his officials to Ben-hadad son of Tabrimmon, son of Hezion, the king of Aram who was ruling in Damascus, along with this message:

Let there be a treaty between you and me like the one between your father and my father. See, I am sending you a gift of silver and gold. Break your treaty with King Baasha of Israel so that he will leave me alone.” -Asa's treaty

Ben-hadad agreed to King Asa’s request and sent the commanders of his army to attack the towns of Israel. They conquered the towns of Ijon, Dan, Abel-beth-maacah, and all Kinnereth, and all the land of Naphtali; whom when Baasha heard what was happening, he abandoned his project of fortifying Ramah and withdrew to Tirzah[3][4].

Tiglath-Pileser III's siege[]

During Pekah's reign, King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria attacked Israel again, and he captured the towns of Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, and Hazor. He also conquered the regions of Gilead, Galilee, and all of Naphtali, and he took the people to Assyria as captives[5]. The land was never retrieved even after Hoshea became king.

Verses[]

  1. 2 Sam. 20 (Link)
  2. 2 Kings 15:16-17 (Link)
  3. 2 Kings 15:18-21 (Link)
  4. 2 Chronicles 16:4 (Link)
  5. 2 Kings 15:29 (Link)
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