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Ab ('abh, the Hebrew and Aramaic word for "father"): is a very common word used in the Old Testament It is used both in the singular and in the plural to denote a grandfather or an ancestor[1]. It is also a month mentioned in the Book of Numbers.


Ancestry and Rulership[]

This term is used to signify a individual which is the father or the founder of a tribe; not as is assumed, its progenitor. Some cases here are Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the heads of families being fathers in the same modified sense. The cases of Ishmael, Moab, etc., are similar[2].

The traditional originator of the craft is the father of those who practice the craft[3]. Sennacherib uses the term "my father's" to describe his predecessors in the throne of Assyria though they were not his remote ancestors[4]. A ruler or leader is referred to a father.


Yahweh is referred to a father[5][6][7]. Jesus addresses his father as "Abba Father" in Gethsemane. “Abba, Father” is mentioned in relation to the Spirit’s work of adoption that makes us God’s children and heirs with Christ; the terms Abba and Father doubly emphasize the fatherhood of God. In two different languages, we are assured of God’s care for His children.

Jesus would sacrifice Himself for us, and that the Holy Spirit would indwell us and prompt our intimate cry of “Abba, Father!”. This term refers to father in Aramaic form.


Ab is the name of the fifth month in the Hebrew calendar, the month beginning in our July. The name does not appear in the Bible[8].


  1. Jeremiah 36:15-16 (Link)
  2. Gen. 17:11-14,27 (Link)
  3. Gen. 4:20-22 (Link)
  4. 2 Kings 9:12 (Link)
  5. Mark 14:36 (Link)
  6. Romans 8:15 (Link)
  7. Gal. 4:5 (Link)
  8. Num. 33:38 (Link)