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Aaron's rod or staff is specifically a wooden rod owned by Aaron that was used to make the sea turn blood and other notable miracles, it was later placed inside the Ark of the Covenant located in the Holy of Holies.

Aaron and his staff

Aaron and his staff. In the Cathedral of Hajdúdurog.

Miracles and Plagues[]

The Miracle of the Snake[]

Moses and Aaron commanded by God that if Pharaoh asks for a miracle, they should throw Aaron's rod for it to become a snake[1]. So they did went to Pharaoh and did what the Lord commanded, but the magicians in the palace did the same, yet Aaron's staff swallowed their staff; Pharaoh did not listen and he hardened his heart[2]. This gives the authority given by God to Moses and Aaron, which caused the plagues of Egypt.

The Sea into Blood[]

The first miracle failed to get Pharaoh's attention, so God commanded Moses to position himself in the morning and meet him in the nile, and the staff or rod he should hold and say "The Lord God of the Hebrews has sent me to say to you, Release my people, that they may serve me, in the wilderness!" "But since you have not listened, I am going to strike this water in the Nile and it will turn into blood[3]." Then God told Aaron to stretch his hands over the Nile, so all of the rivers, canals and ponds to turn into blood[4]. And they did so and all of the water sources became useless and the fish died[5].

The Plague of Frogs[]

God commanded Moses to tell Aaron, extend his staff so all of canals, rivers and ponds should be infested with it[6]. So it did but the magicians did the same[7]. But Pharaoh made a oath that he would set the people free if they would remove the frogs but he lied afterwards[8].

The Plague of Gnats[]

God told Aaron to extend his staff, and strike the dust in the ground[9]. Then he did and all of the gnats infested Egypt, the cattle and the people[10]. The magicians accepted that it was God's wrath upon them. But Pharoah still refused and hardened his heart[11].

The Budding of Aaron's Staff[]

God then told Moses to gather the Israelites and receive a staff from each tribe, and must write the name of the man on each staff, he must write Aaron's name on the staff of Levi, for one staff is the head of every tribe[12]. Then put them in the tent of the meeting before the Ark of the Covenant[13]. And the staff of the man whom God choose's will blossom; "so I will rid myself of the complaints of the Israelites, which they murmur against you[14].”

Moses then spoke to the Israelites. And each leader gave a staff, then he obeyed what God did; and in the morning Aaron's staff grew buds and produced blossoms[15].

The Memorial[]

The Lord said to Moses to bring Aaron's staff before the testimony, to be preserved a sign to the rebels, so their murmuring would come to an end and Moses did so[16]. But the Israelites said "We are bound to perish! Anyone who comes close to the Tabernacle of the Lord will die![17].


Aaron's rod served an important part of God's plan to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. And in to the Promised Land. In Ancient Israelite Culture, the rod was a symbol of authority Shepherds use to guide their flocks[18].

Aaron’s rod remained in the Ark of the Covenant as a testimony of God’s choice of Aaron and Moses to lead His people. Aaron’s rod was also a reminder that God does not put up with rebellion against Himself or His chosen representatives on earth[19][20]. Those who murmur, complain, and cause division within the Body of Christ are to be rebuked[21][22]. God's plan on earth are far beyond any human comprehension, so it is better for us to trust him, obey him and reflect his glory.


  1. Exodus 7:9 (Link)
  2. Exodus 7:10-13 (Link)
  3. Exodus 7:15-17 (Link)
  4. Exodus 7:19 (Link)
  5. Exodus 7:20-24 (Link)
  6. Exodus 8:5 (Link)
  7. Exodus 8:6-7 (Link)
  8. Exodus 8:8-15 (Link)
  9. Exodus 7:16 (Link)
  10. Exodus 8:17 (Link)
  11. Exodus 8:18 (Link)
  12. Numbers 17:1-3 (Link)
  13. Numbers 17:4 (Link)
  14. Numbers 17:5 (Link)
  15. Numbers 17:6-8 (Link)
  16. Numbers 17:10-11 (Link)
  17. Numbers 17:12-13 (Link)
  18. Psalms 23:4 (Link)
  19. Hebrews 9:4 (Link)
  20. 1 Corinthians 10:10 (Link)
  21. James 5:9 (Link)
  22. 1 Timothy 5:20; 2 Timothy 2:23 (Link)